Iphone Photography - A Beginners guide
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Iphone Photography (Iphoneography)

It is not necessary that you have to own a DSLR camera to capture stunning shots. You can capture good shots using your Iphone or any other good decent camera phone. In this article we will see how Iphone helps us to take good snaps.

 

Apple Iphone 4s Camera Specifications

Let us have a look at the camera specifications of Iphone 4s. It comes with two cameras, one front camera and one rear camera.

 

Features include:

1. 8 megapixel iSight Rearcamera

2. f 2.4 equivalent Aperture

3. 5 Lens element

4. HD (1080p) video recording at 30 fps

5. Video Image Stabilisation

6. Auto focus

7. Tap to focus

8. Face Detection in still images

9. Photo & video tagging

10. VGA quality images from the front camera

 

The above listed specifications are pretty impressive for a camera phone. The f 2.4 aperture is good for low light photography. So, you will be able to capture good shots with less noise at night. Low light performance will be good because of the lower aperture value and it has got a 6mm lens. In terms of focal length also it is good, neither too short nor too wide.

 

Temporal Noise reduction

Apple has incorporated temporal noise reduction feature in Iphone 4s. This feature will help you in capturing images without much digital noise at low light. Digital noise can be seen in a picture in the form of grains. Most of the cell phone cameras tend to add digital noise when the lighting conditions are not so good. This is the reason why you can see some visible grains when you shoot indoors using a camera phone.

 

Camera Flash

    In order to improve low light photographs, there is an inbuilt LED flash next to the camera’s front element. If you want to disable the flash you can do so by making use of the icon on the top left corner of the camera window. It can be set into 3 modes.

    1. ON: The flash will be always enabled in this mode.

    2. OFF: Flash will be turned off in this mode

    3. Auto: Flash will be enabled or disabled depending on the light settings. If the ambient light is low then flash will be triggered while taking the photo.

 

Focusing

Like other camera-phones, Iphone 4s has got auto-focusing feature. You can also do tap focus to focus the selected object in the camera window. Once you tap, a square box will appear on the subject and it will lock the focus on to it and will disappear once the focus is locked completely.

 

Zoom

Only digital zooming is possible, just like a camera-phone. You have to pinch and drag in the camera screen to zoom. Once the desired digital zooming level is you can tap focus and click the camera icon below to take the snap.

 

Following tips can be used to improve the photos taken using an Iphone:


1. Avoid Camera shake

When you tap on the camera button make sure that you are holding your phone firmly so that the camera shake can be avoided. Also make sure that the distance between you and the camera-phone is less. This can also help you to reduce camera shake thereby you will be able to capture blur free images.

Since the camera comes with an 8 megapixel sensor blur caused due to small shakes won’t be visible. You can zoom the image to 100 percent to check for any blur due to camera shake. Hold the Iphone with your two hands and use it like a digital camera while taking photos

 

2. Use Grid option

You can enable the grid options from the settings menu (located at the top centre of the camera window). This will divide your camera window into 9 sections by two vertical and two horizontal lines. Thus, you will be able to frame your shots using “Rule of Thirds”. These 9 equally divided square sections will help you to compose better images.

 

3. Enable HDR option

Apple Iphone 4s has got an inbuilt HDR feature. You can turn on this feature in the settings menu in the camera window. Once this feature is turned on, then you will receive two images as the output of your captured shot, one normal version and one HDR version. This allows you to turn your ordinary shot into an HDR one at the time of shooting itself. You won’t have to use any additional software for this purpose. So, it saves your time too. If you don’t want this feature always, you can turn it off. This will save some disk space. Use it only when it is required.

 

4. Use Camera shortcut

Suppose you want to shoot a subject and by the time you unlock your phone and locate the camera application, the subject would have been gone. Apple has provided a shortcut for the camera app when the phone is locked. On a locked Iphone 4s double click the home button. Then you can notice a small camera icon appearing at the bottom right corner. Tap on that to open the camera window and take your snap.

 

5. Volume up button to take the snap

Instead of using the onscreen camera icon button in the camera window, you can make use of the volume up button on the camera body to capture an image. For certain people this option is more comfortable as it will give you a feel of normal camera.

 

6. Use Remote cable release

Remote cable releases are usually found for slr cameras. In Iphone 4s also you can have the same feature. This can be done with the help of the headphones supplied along with the Iphone. Connect the headphone, once the focusing is done press the volume up button in the headphones to take the snap. This is a really good option. It helps to remove some amount of shake when we shoot images handheld. You can keep your Iphone in a stable place and use the headphones to trigger the shot.

 

7. Look for the Right Lighting

If you are shooting outdoors then in order to understand the lighting in a better way, open the camera application in your Iphone 4s and hold it against your subject and go around the subject to see where you can get the best ambient light for the image. Since there is no optical zooming option, you will have to get near to the subject to capture the image. Digital zooming is not recommended.

 

8. Avoid Digital Zooming

Digital zooming is actually zooming the captured image. It only reduces the resolution of the image. So, it is always better to capture the image without using digital zoom and crop it later for the desired part. You can use the inbuilt crop feature in the photo editor section of the camera application in the Iphone.

 

9. Camera Resolution

Set the camera resolution to the maximum before taking the pictures. This will help you to grab the more details in the scene. Also, if you want to crop it later you won’t loose much picture clarity.

 

10. Take multiple shots

It is a good practice to take multiple shots of the same subject. Then review each shot to choose the best. Since the storage is digital medium, we don’t have to worry much. Sometimes, there can be a slight blur in the picture due to camera shake or due to any moving object or due to wind. Taking multiple shots will help you to remove all these issues.

 

11. Clean the Lens

There is a chance that you may be accidentally touching the lens after using the phone. So, clean the lens with some soft tissue to remove the dusts and fingerprints if any. Otherwise these fingerprints or dusts will destroy the beauty of the final photograph.

 

12. Try Different Angles

Try different angles while composing a scene. Since Iphone is light weighted, it will be easy for you to try. This will help you to understand the perspective from different angles.


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