Tripod is one of the must-have accessories for a photographer. It helps you to get a steady shot, especially in low light conditions. But there are some factors to be considered before buying a tripod. I will list out all the things that you need to check before buying one. It will help you to select the right tripod. You can use this as your tripod buying checklist.
1. Maximum Payload for the Tripod
Maximum payload is nothing but the total weight capacity of the tripod. As a thumb rule, go for a tripod which can support the double the weight of your equipment.
It will ensure that your camera gear is safe after mounting on the tripod. Suppose, your equipment that you mount (camera, lens, and flash or other accessories) weighs 3kg, then you should buy a tripod which can hold a minimum of 6kg.
It is because when you are taking pictures with your camera, you will be applying some force on the camera, which adds to the total weight.
The maximum payload capacity is the first and the main criteria to select the right tripod.
2. Maximum Unfolded Height
Maximum unfolded height is the total height which the tripod can go in its fully unfolded condition.
The question is what decides this height. It is actually dependent on the height of the person using it. In the fully extended condition, the photographer should be able to look through the viewfinder of the camera without bending down.
So, buy a tripod that comes with a maximum unfolded height greater than or equal to your height.
3. Weight of the Tripod
To select the right tripod you should consider the tripod weight also.
The tripod weight is very critical if your photography involves lots of travel. It is mainly applicable to travel photographer, wildlife photographer, nature photographer and wedding photographer.
If you are a studio photographer, then weight doesn’t matter much. Also, for an outdoor photographer, when you are traveling on flights there would be restrictions in weight which you are carrying. So, outdoor photographers should go for a lightweight tripod like the one made with carbon fiber material instead of the heavy ones made of aluminium.
4. Minimum Height
Minimum height is a factor mainly concerned for macro photographers and nature photographers. People shooting nature tends to go for a lower angle which requires smaller tripod heights .
Macro photographers want the camera to get closer to the subject that are in ground level or slightly above from ground level. So, make sure that the tripod you buy meets the minimum height requirement as per your shooting purpose.
5. Folded Height
If you are a travel photographer or landscape photographer then folded length comes into the picture. Select a tripod with minimum folded length.
It will ensure that the tripod goes into your bag comfortably. Also, make sure that the stability is not compromised by going for a tripod with smaller folding height.
6. Type of Tightening Tripod Legs
Different tripods come with a different tightening technique for holding the legs after extending. Most of them come with quick release leg levers. It has both advantages as well as disadvantages.
The advantage is that you can easily fold it as well as unfold it. But, over a period of time, it starts to become loose (only when you use the tripod extensively for your shoots), which puts your equipment at risk.
The other type of tightening is turning the ring in one direction to loosen and in the other direction to tighten. Here it will be sturdy but will take some time to assemble and disassemble.
7. Multiple Leg Angles
The option of multiple leg angles gives the photographer the flexibility to shoot at different angles. If the surface on which you are going to keep the tripod is uneven, then this flexibility of having adjustable angles for the tripod legs are very useful.
If you are into shooting landscapes and nature, then this feature will be very useful.
8. Flexibility of the Central Column
Tripods with flexible central column are little costlier when compared to non-flexible ones.
There are 3 types of central column you can find in the market. The first type is the one in which the central column is fixed and you need to adjust the legs to change the height.
The second type allows you to adjust the height vertically up to a level. In the third type, you can flip it or invert it or put in some angle also. So, buy one which suits your requirement and budget.
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9. Removable Leg option
Nowadays, there are tripods that come with removable leg option. Now, you would be thinking, why do we have to remove one leg of the tripod since it makes it unusable.
This option is provided to use one of the legs as a monopod. This feature is useful, especially for wildlife photographers.
If you are also planning to buy a monopod along with the tripod then consider going for a tripod with monopod option. It will help to save some cash.
10. Spirit Level
The inbuilt spirit level is very useful for landscape photographers to ensure that the camera is in level with the surface.
This feature is very useful when shooting 360-degree photos or panoramic photos. If you are a landscape photographer, please ensure that there is an inbuilt spirit level in your tripod before selecting one. Otherwise, you need to invest in a spirit bubble level to check the camera level.
11. Tripod Material
Professional tripods are made up of either carbon fiber or aluminium alloy. You will also get plastic tripods in the market. But, they are cheap and will not last long.
Carbon fiber tripods are less heavy when compared to aluminium ones. But they are costlier than the aluminium alloy tripods.
Carbon fiber tripods are less susceptible to rust when compared to aluminium ones. So, you can use it on seashores and other places where there is a chance of water getting in contact with the tripod legs. There won’t be any issues of rusting.
The cost of the tripod is one of the main factors that decides which tripod to buy.
If you have a budget constraint then prioritize the above factors according to your needs and make some compromise on some factors to select the right tripod for you.
Never compromise on the safety of your camera equipment while making the choice.
From the above factors, shortlist what all features you would like to have in your tripod and depending on your budget, buy one. Make sure that you select the right tripod for your style and type of photography.
13. Tripod Head Choice
There are different types of tripod heads available in the market. Different photography genres demand different style of heads.
Wildlife photographers who use heavy telephoto lenses will need a good gimbal head whereas a landscape photographer will need a ball head.
Most of the professional tripods come with separate legs and heads option. Thus, you can mount any head according to your comfort. There are some tripods that come with integrated heads. If you invest in such a tripod, then you won’t be able to use multiple heads on the same tripod. So, choose wisely.
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