Let us explore the 25 different types of photography. If you are confused in making a decision on which style suits you the best, then I highly recommend reading this. Once you go through this guide then you can choose one from these. 

👉🏼 📖READ: Different Types of Cameras

Different Types Of Photography 📷

#1. Wedding Photography 💃🏻🕺🏻

Different types of photography Wedding Photography


Wedding photography is one of the best ways to earn from photography. If you are looking to make a career out of photography then wedding photography is a good choice. It can generate a decent amount of income for you.

You need to invest in a good full-frame camera (DSLR/Mirrorless) along with good portrait lenses for capturing beautiful wedding shots.

#2. Macro Photography 🐸

Different types of photography Macro Photography

If you are interested in shooting frogs, snakes, insects or if you want to capture the fine details of a subject then you should go for macro photography.

You should buy a dedicated macro lens for your DSLR/ Mirrorless camera if your interest is in macro subjects. You can even make use of a lens reversal ring with your 18-55mm kit lens or 50mm lens and convert it into a macro lens.

#3. Black and White Photography 🎞

Black and White Photography Feathers

In this digital age where you have the high-end cameras capable of recording all bands of colors, why do you need to shoot in Black and White? This would be the question which you ask yourself.

Certain scenes look better in monochrome than in color. Many great photographers still shoot in Black and White. You can bring the texture details, contrast and emotions into life using black and white photography.

#4. Bird Photography 🦅

Different types of photography Bird Photography

There are people who only photograph birds. Some do bird photography just for documentation purposes whereas there are bird photographers who put lots of effort to get the best picture of the bird.

You will need a good telephoto lens to photograph birds. Learning more about bird behavior will help you to capture better images.

#5. Underwater Photography 🌊

 Different types of photography Underwater Photography

People who are interested in marine subjects like fish and life underwater choose underwater photography.

You will need a good underwater camera housing to photograph marine life underwater.

#6. Fashion Photography 👱🏻‍♀️

Different types of photography Fashion Photography

In fashion photography, the model plays an important role. You will need a stylist for makeup. A location for shooting needs to be decided based on the theme.

It can be indoor as well as outdoor. These photographs are basically for advertisement purposes. It is a good way to generate income.

#7. Sports Photography 🤼‍♂️

Different types of photography Sports Photography

Sports photography can be challenging at times. You need to act fast and capture the person in action. You will not get a second chance. So, you should be able to predict what is going to happen in the field. It will help you to get the right shot at the right moment.

You will have to use long telephoto lenses. So you need to be physically fit too.

#8. Food Photography 🍔

Different types of photography Food Photography

You might have already seen lots of Instagram account with awesome photographs of food. A good macro lens would be needed for getting the best shot. It will help to capture all the textures and details in the food.

Even the basic kit lens or a good smartphone can do the job provided the lighting is good. If you just want to publish on the web then this would be fine. Otherwise, you will need a good macro lens.

#9. Long Exposure Photography 🏞

Different types of photography Long Exposure Photography

You need to have a solid understanding of image exposure and camera settings if you want to take good long exposure shots. This comes only through practice. You can create photographs that cannot be visualized by normal human eyes, like the star trails.

A good tripod is required for long exposure shots. It is one of the different types of photography which requires lots of patience. Here, you will learn by trial and error method.

#10. Architecture Photography 🏘

Different types of photography Product Photography

Architecture photography deals with different types of architectural structures. It can be modern architecture like tall skyscrapers or old ancient buildings.

You will need a  good wide angle lens for this type of photography. A full frame DSLR? Mirrorless camera would be the right camera body.

#11. Documentation Photography 📽 

There are people who photograph just for documentation purpose. They will include these photographs when they publish their final reports.

There are birders who just click the snap of the bird for documentation purpose. A point and shoot camera or a bridge camera would be sufficient for doing documentation photography

#12. Landscape Photography 🌅

Different types of photography Landscape Photography

There are many good landscape photographers out there. A good wide angle lens is the basic requirement for a landscape photographer. Many landscape photographers do carry a medium telephoto lens in the kit.

You must also consider investing in good camera filters like the ND filter and Graduated Neutral Density Filter.

#13. Photojournalists 📸

Different types of photography Photojournalist

These are the people who work for newspapers or magazines. There are also freelancers who sell their pictures to newspapers.

A general-purpose zoom lens would be a good choice for photojournalists. A good external flash would be required to cover things at night.

#14. Aerial Photography 🗾

Different types of photography Aerial Photography

Aerial photography is done mostly with drones. Otherwise, you need to have an aerial view from the top. It is possible if you are inside an airplane or a helicopter.

You can also get aerial shots if you are on top of a mountain or a building. But nothing can beat the view of drones in the case of aerial photography. Drone photography is one of the most popular types of photography these days. It unlocks a completely different perspective in photography.

#15. Product Photography ⌚️

Different types of photography Product Photography

As the name suggests, this photography genre deals with photographing products. These photos are used for marketing the products. It can be in the form of advertisements and labels.

It involves lots of retouching after the shoot. The retouching is done is to ensure that the final photo has all the details with good clarity. You need to have a good wide angle lens for photographing bigger objects and a macro lens for shooting smaller ones.

#16. Night Photography 🌃

Different types of photography Night Photography

There are many night photographers out there. Tripod, Flash, and Torchlight are the best buddies of a night photographer apart from the camera.

You can create interesting light patterns and even do light paintings when you are into night photography. You will need a good wide-angle lens that supports maximum aperture opening.

#17. Fine Art Photography 🖼

Different types of photography Fineart Photography

Fine art photography is also known by the name “Conceptual Photography“.

Photographer unleashes the artist in him in this type of photography. These are mainly created for selling. You can even turn your normal photos into fine art images through photo editing process.

#18. Street Photography 👨🏻‍🌾

Different types of photography Street Photography

Street photography can be a challenging one. In the case of street photography,  you need to capture the essence and feel of the street. Here, people and their environment are the two main parts of the picture.

Here the image composition plays an important role. You need to bring life to the picture using the different elements in the frame.

#19. Candid Photography 🤳🏼

Different types of photography Candid Photography

Nowadays, candid shots are gaining more importance especially in the field of wedding photography and portfolio stuff.

It’s basically capturing the natural emotion and movements of the person with interesting frames, without asking the person to pose for the frame. Thus, you will be able to capture some natural moments.

#20. Portrait Photography 👩🏻‍💼

Different types of photography Portrait Photography

Portrait not only means photographing headshots. It also includes creative portraits, where a photographer conveys some message through his portraits.

He captures the emotions and feelings of the person in portrait photography. There are people who shoot portraitures alone. It is also a good photography genre to take as a profession.

#21. Infrared Photography 🌁

Different types of photography Infrared Photography

You can do it in two ways. You can either make use of an infrared filter or change your camera sensor to an infrared one.

The first one is easier to do as it involves only a filter change. The second option is costly since you need a sensor modification. Once you made the sensor modification then you can only click infrared images using that camera. You will be able to get a completely different color tone in infrared images. You can also convert it to black and white.

#22. Event Photography 👯‍♂️

Different types of photography Event Photography

People who capture stage shows like dance and music concerts come into the category of event photographers.

They generally carry a wide-angle lens and a portrait lens. Flash is used in case of events at night.

📖 READ MORE 👉🏻 : Essential Camera Functions

#23. Travel Photography 🌆

Different types of photography Travel Photography

If you are a traveler interested in photography then you belong here. You can make use of the basic kit lens or a good zoom lens along with your camera.

Even a point and shoot camera or a bridge camera would be fine. If you are interested in publishing on social media sites then I would recommend buying a DSLR or Mirrorless camera.

#24. Wildlife Photography 🐅

Different types of photography Wildlife Photography

If your interest is in animals then this photography genre is for you. It can be physically challenging since you need to be quick.

Here, you don’t have much control over lighting. So you need to have good control over your camera settings to get a good exposure.

If you are interested in doing wildlife type of photography then consider reading, 101 Wildlife Photography Tips

#25. Composite Photography 🌉

In this type of photography, the photographer creates a single picture using multiple images. It involves the use of post-processing in tools like Adobe Photoshop. The software will use layering and masking technique to stack one image above the other.

Different types of photography demand different types of camera lenses

So, now you have a basic idea of different types of photography.

Consider reading this article on how to get into photography if you are really interested in photography.