A filter is one of the important photography accessories, especially for a landscape photographer. There are different types of camera filters available in the market. Each of these camera filters is designed to do a specific job. They come in different shapes and sizes.

 

If you are a newbie in photography, it is essential to know the different filter options. Furthermore, it will help you select the right camera filter for your type of photography. In this guide, we will look at some of the commonly used filters for photography.

What Does a Camera Filter Do? 🤔

 

The primary purpose of a camera filter is to modify the light entering the camera. Some filters are capable of blocking the amount of light. In addition, certain types of camera filters have the capability of blocking particular wavelengths of light. Camera filters are made up of plastic, glass, or resin.

 

Popular Camera Filter Types 😎

 

1. CPL (Polarizer Filter)

 

CPL or Circular Polarizer Filter helps to reduce glare from reflective surfaces like glass and water. In addition, it helps bring more saturation to the scene if you position your camera in the right direction.

 

2. ND (Neutral Density) Filter

 

neutral density filter helps to block some amount of light from entering the camera. It is a dark filter. Multiple types of ND filters are there. It includes ND2, ND4, ND6, ND8, etc. An ND4 filter can block double the amount of light compared to an ND2 filter. Darker the ND filter, the more light it will be blocking.

 

3. Graduated ND Filter

 

The graduated ND filter will have a dark section on one section. As we move to the other section, this darkness reduces, and it will gradually become clear. It is useful for exposing the sky properly in the image. The dark portion helps to block the extra light.

 

4. UV (Ultra Violet) Filter

 

UV filter helps to block the Ultraviolet rays from entering the camera. It also helps to protect the front element of the lens from scratches.

 

5. IR Filter

 

The purpose of using an Infrared Filter is to expose an image to Infrared light. These are light waves that come below the visible spectrum. This spectrum of light is not visible to human eyes. So, you can expect entirely different colors on the objects in the scene in your final image.

6. FLD Filter

 

FLD filter is a conversion filter that helps fix the camera’s white balance issues due to fluorescent lights in the scene. You can use FLD filters if you use a film camera for photography.

Now, you know the functions of each of these camera filters.

 

If you don’t have the budget to invest in filters, you can use the filters in your post-processing tools like Adobe Photoshop. But you will get better images when you use the physical filters. Some filters, like the CPL filter, are not available in post-processing tools.

 

You can get filters for all types of cameras. It includes DSLR, Mirrorless, Go Pro, Drone camera, etc.

Frequently Asked Questions

Now, The following questions will come to your mind.

1. Which Filter Should I Buy?

Whether you have an SLR camera or a digital camera, I recommend buying a UV filter. This serves two purposes. Firstly, It protects the front element of your lens system. In case if you are not using one and accidentally your camera falls down, then there is a chance that the front element of your lens system may get scratched or broken. So, you will have to repair/replace it, which is costly. So, better buy and fix a UV filter in front of your camera lens. This is a basic filter, that all camera owners should have.

2. Is there Any size for the Filter?

There are two varieties of filters available in the market. Filters with fixed thread size and ones with rectangular disc and adapter. If you are using fixed thread size filters, then you will have to buy separate filters for each lens if the thread size of the lenses is different. This is the case for an SLR camera. For a normal digital camera, since the lens system is permanently attached to the camera body, you can use all types of filters for the given thread size, specified in the camera manual. For certain digital cameras, there won’t be any thread to fit in the filters. For such cameras, you can check on the Internet for any available filters and adapters.

3. Which Material type should I Choose?

As I told earlier, there are filters made of glass as well as plastic. So, which one to select? Plastic filters will introduce some distortions to your image. So, it is better to go for the glass ones. Plastic ones are cheap when compared to the glass filters.

4. Are there any Recommended Manufacturers?

Some of the well-known filter manufacturer companies include Hoya, Kenko, and LEE. You can select your desired filters from them.

5. Is there Any size for the Filter?

There are two varieties of filters available in the market. Filters with fixed thread size and ones with rectangular disc and adapter. If you are using fixed thread size filters, then you will have to buy separate filters for each lens if the thread size of the lenses are different. This is the case for an SLR camera. For a normal digital camera, since the lens system is permanently attached to the camera body, you can use all types of filters for the given thread size, specified in the camera manual. For certain digital cameras, there won’t be any thread to fit in the filters. For such cameras, you can check on the Internet for any available filters and adapters.

6. Which Material type should I Choose?

As I told earlier, there are filters made of glass as well as plastic. So, which one to select? Plastic filters will introduce some distortions to your image. So, it is better to go for the glass ones. Plastic ones are cheap when compared to the glass filters.

7. Are there any Recommended Manufacturers?

Some of the well-known filter manufacturer companies include Hoya, Kenko, and LEE. You can select your desired filters from them.

8. Is there Any size for the Filter?

There are two varieties of filters available in the market. Filters with fixed thread size and ones with rectangular disc and adapter. If you are using fixed thread size filters, then you will have to buy separate filters for each lens if the thread size of the lenses is different. This is the case for an SLR camera. For a normal digital camera, since the lens system is permanently attached to the camera body, you can use all types of filters for the given thread size, specified in the camera manual. For certain digital cameras, there won’t be any thread to fit in the filters. For such cameras, you can check on the Internet for any available filters and adapters.

9. Which Material type should I Choose?

As I told earlier, there are filters made of glass as well as plastic. So, which one to select? Plastic filters will introduce some distortions to your image. So, it is better to go for the glass ones. Plastic ones are cheap when compared to glass filters.

10. Are there any Recommended Manufacturers?

Some of the well-known filter manufacturer companies include Hoya, Kenko, and LEE. You can select your desired filters from them.