Portrait Vs Landscape, this is a question that comes to a photographer’s mind while shooting. It has left me confused in many situations. Should I shoot in Landscape Mode or go for Portrait orientation? The answer to this question is quite simple. It is actually the photographer who decides whether to compose the picture in landscape or portrait orientation. So, you must know the key differences between these two orientations. It will help you to decide which is best for you,Let us see, how shooting in different orientations can affect the perspective of an image.
What is Portrait Orientation?
In simple words, if the height of the image is more than the width of the image, then we will refer to it as a portrait orientation shot.
A 6×4 image (Height x Width) image is an example of a portrait mode shot. The width to height ratio of the image is referred to as the aspect ratio of the image.
Mobile phones and magazines come in portrait orientation. The user can change the orientation to Landscape mode in mobile phones for viewing images shot in landscape mode.
There are no hard and fast rules in photography that a Landscape image must be taken in Landscape orientation. You can do landscape photography on mobile or DSLR/mirrorless camera in Portrait mode also.
The image above of the long-tailed minivet is a good example for a portrait orientation shot in 3:2 aspect ratio.
What is Landscape Orientation?
If the width of the image is more than the height of the image, then we will refer to it as a landscape orientation shot.
A 2×3 image (Height x Width) is an example of an image in Landscape mode.
By default, all cameras come in Landscape orientation. If you look at the TV or computer then the display comes in Landscape orientation.
The image of the upland pipit bird above is an example for a landscape orientation shot with 2:3 aspect ratio.
Portrait Vs Landscape- Which Orientation to shoot?
If you are shooting for a cover page of magazines or for mobile wallpaper then you should shoot in portrait mode. You can also shoot in landscape mode and later crop the image in post-processing software to convert it into portrait mode.
But this will reduce the image resolution since you are chopping away the image sides. Sometimes, you may not be able to crop it properly with proper image composition since you have already composed the shot for landscape view. I have done this mistake during my initials photography days.
If you are shooting to print and frame images on walls, then you can choose either of the two modes. Shooting in landscape orientation is good for keeping wallpapers on your computer.
There are no hard and fast rules like you should shoot in portrait orientation for portraitures and Landscape orientation for Landscape photography. You can choose any orientation. The selection of orientation is fully dependant on the image composition.
Now, let us have a look at the pictures given below for better clarity in portrait vs landscape orientation in photography. Which one do you think is better?
The first image of the Jungle Owlet bird is the actual shot taken in landscape orientation with a 2:3 aspect ratio.
The second picture in portrait orientation is actually a cropped version of the first image in the 3:2 aspect ratio. In the first image, we can see lots of negative space on the left side of the image. This kind of image is good for designers who want to make brochures and flyers.
The negative space will help to add text and other content for designing. More bird details are visible on the second picture, cropped in portrait mode. The negative space is removed over here.
In the first image, the bird was occupying less than 40 percent of the image area, whereas in the second image it is occupying more than 70 percent of the image area. So, more details of the bird are visible in the portrait mode shot.
So, both the orientations have got their own advantages as well as disadvantages.
Now you can see, as we change the orientation, we are seeing a great difference in the content itself. So, when making a selection between portrait vs landscape, the final decision is based on what we want to do with the captured image.
Nowadays, more than 70 percent of people use mobile phones for viewing images and for checking and updating their social media accounts like Facebook, Instagram & Twitter. Since the mobile displays are in portrait mode orientation by default, your image will be occupying more than 70 percent of the display when you post a picture shot in portrait mode.
The image in Landscape orientation occupies less than 50 percent of the display unless the user rotates the screen and enable the landscape orientation view. So, compose and shoot in portrait orientation to attract more fan followers to your social media accounts.
How to Enable Landscape/Portrait Orientation in Camera?
Now, you what landscape and portrait orientation are all about.
If you are completely new to cameras, then I will show you how to enable these orientations in a camera.
You may be using a DSLR/ Mirrorless / or a Point & Shoot camera. The technique remains the same for all types of cameras.
When you handheld your camera for shooting, then by default it will be in landscape orientation.
So, if you want to enable the portrait orientation, you just can rotate your camera body counterclockwise by 90 degrees. Now, your camera trigger button will be now on the left side (previously on the top right side).
Certain high-end cameras like the Canon 1DX Mark III, Nikon D5, and few other cameras will have a dedicated trigger button to shoot in the portrait orientation. So, when you rotate the camera to shoot in the portrait orientation, then you can see another camera trigger button coming in the top side. You may have to slide in the enable button to activate this trigger button. This additional trigger button will help to make the shooting much easy.
Don’t wait, Start shooting the same scene in both modes. See the difference between “Portrait vs Landscape orientation“.