We all know that the colors produced during sunset are so beautiful that we can’t take eyes from it. Since the dynamic range of a digital camera is less than that of the human eye, we may not be able to reproduce the scene into an image. You can capture the entire beauty of the sunset if you use the correct camera settings and technique. Let us have a look at the different tips and techniques to improve sunset photography.
1. Check Sunset Timings ⏰
Timing is the first and the important factor in sunset photography. The sunset will last for 30-40 minutes.
You need to make sure that you reach the place at least one hour before this time. It will help to explore the area and set up your camera on the right spot for the best angle of view.
2. Use an App
There are many applications available in smartphones which can tell you the exact sunset timing for a place.
If you are using an iPhone you can make use of the app, Sunrise Sunset Times. If you are an android user, Use Golden Hour. Download and keep any of these applications in your phone.
3. Check the Weather
Weather is another crucial factor for photographing sunsets. If it is a clear sky then the visibility of the sunset would be more when compared to rainy days.
You can also make good dramatic shots of the sky during sunset on a cloudy day. There are many opportunities for photographing sunsets with changing weather conditions.
4. Shoot Silhouettes
Shooting Silhouettes is one of the best things to do during sunset photography. Silhouettes are shapes of objects in the picture without any details.
You should be shooting towards the Sun and the subject should be in between. I would recommend using spot metering mode while doing silhouette photography during sunsets. The image above is a Sihouette shot of Perigrine falcon watching a lark when the sun is setting.
5. Underexpose Image
Always underexpose your image when you are photographing Sunsets. Now, the question would be, how much to Underexpose?
Normally you can underexpose by 1/3rd or 2/3rd stops. It actually depends on the available lighting. Underexposing is essential to get rich and vibrant colors.
6. Try Different Exposures
Sunset photography is not only about just capturing the sunset colors. You can try different exposure settings to make some unique image.
Sometime overexposing the image would be good if there are some interesting elements in the foreground. Underexposing may be good most of the times. You can try underexposing by 2 or 3 stops to see the effect. It may result in dramatic images.
7. Go For an HDR Image
You don’t need an HDR camera to capture an HDR image. You can use the bracketing feature in your camera to take images of the scene in multiple exposures.
Combine these shots in tools like Adobe Photoshop to generate an HDR Image. If you don’t know to bracket your shots, just take 3 photos at 3 exposures. One image underexposed, one overexposed and one correctly exposed. Combine these 3 images.
8. Play with Camera White Balance
This is an interesting tip. You don’t have to set the Camera White Balance Settings to Auto. Try different White Balance settings to see the effect. Recommend camera white balance settings for Sunset photography is Shade. You can also use Cloudy also.
9. Use Tripod
Always make sure that you carry your tripod to the field. During sunsets, you will have less light when compared to daytime. So you will get a lower shutter speed for a properly exposed image.
Also, if you want a silky smooth effect of any water bodies in front, you will have to use a lower shutter speed. In this situation, you cannot shoot handheld. Shooting handle will result in creating a blurry image. So, you need to use a good tripod.
If you are looking to buy a tripod. I would recommend you to read this article on selecting a tripod
10. Use Low ISO
Always take pictures in Low ISO values. I would recommend shooting at ISO 100 or ISO 200. You should not go beyond an ISO value of 400.
A higher ISO would result in a grainy image. You can also see color artefacts in your picture if you increase ISO values.
11. Try your own Composition
Even though the “Rule of Thirds” is a good composition technique to start with, I strongly recommend you to try your own composition. Break the rules and see for yourself. what effect it produced in the photographs. You can make some amazing sunset photographs with your own composition too. Just give it a try.
12. Look for Interesting Subjects in Scene
If you just photograph a Sunset then you are just creating another boring shot. There is nothing in the frame to cheer about. So make sure that you have some interesting subjects also in the frame. It can be any natural subjects like trees or house. Even you can bring any artificial subjects along with you and keep it.
13. Use Rule of Thirds to Compose
Using Rule Of Thirds would be a good Composition Technique for Sunrise photography. If you are shooting location is a beach then you can make the beach occupy one-third frame and two third by Sun and sky. Including some objects in the lines of intersection would be a good idea. Otherwise, it would look like an ordinary Sunset photograph.
14. Use a Wide Angle Lens
I would recommend using a wide angle lens for Sunset photography. In most of the cases, you would be capturing a landscape photography in scenic locations. Wide angle will help you to include all the elements of the scene rather than Sun occupying the majority of the area.
15. Try with a Telephoto Lens
If you want to focus on Sun or any other subject of interest in the frame, use a Telephoto lens. You can make use of a medium telephoto lens like Canon 70-200mm or Canon 70-300mm to compose your shots. If you are looking for a different perspective, give a try with a 400mm or 500m telephoto lens. I have done Sunset photography with my Canon 500mm telephoto lens. the results are really amazing. You can make the Sun look large by using a Telephoto lens.
16. Shoot in Aperture priority Mode
The question which comes to your mind when you are in the field would be, Which mode should I use for Sunset photography? If you are a beginner in photography then I would recommend going for Aperture priority mode. You can set the aperture value and the camera will give the shutter speed according to the exposure settings. Always set the ISO to 100 or 200.You can choose an aperture value from f9 to f22.
17. Shooting in Manual Mode
Manual Mode is the best mode for doing Sunset Photography. Here, you are getting full control over the Camera. Set the desired aperture value and set the ISO value to 100 or 200. Set the desired shutter speed. Take a picture and see what exposure you are getting. Fine tune Aperture, shutter speed and ISO to achieve the perfect shot.
18. Shoot in RAW
Never shoot in JPEG. Always shoot in RAW. It will help you to fine tune your sunset photographs. Shoot in RAW if you are planning to take photo prints. Read this article to Understand the Advantages Of Shooting in RAW
19. Shoot Panorama
Panoramic shots are always a treat to watch, especially if it is full of shades of Red, Yellow and Orange. So, give a try. Use a tripod and shoot 3 or 4 images along the Horizontal plane and stick it using any post processing software like Adobe Photoshop. You can even do a 180 degree panorama or 360 degree Panorama shot.
20. Use an ND Filter for Sunset Photography
Make use of an ND filter if you want to cut out few stops of light. The image can be made more dramatic if you make proper use of ND filter. A Neutral Density filter can give a silky smooth finish to water bodies in the frame. I have seen many landscape photographers using ND filters for photographing sunsets
21. Try Double Exposure
Don’t shoot ordinary sunset pictures. Shoot extraordinary Sunset photographs. Go for a Double Exposure effect. Some cameras have inbuilt Double exposure feature. Don’t worry if you don’t have one. Shoot two scenes including a Sunset frame and combine them in any post processing software.
22. Make use of Flash
Sunset Photography and Flash? How does it correlate? Let us see. If you are shooting a person with a sunset in background. You want both the person and the Sunset to be correctly exposed. If you try to expose for the person then the sunset in the background would get whitewashed. So, if you try to expose for the background then the person will become dark. In this situation, make use of Flash. Use Camera Flash to fill in some light on the subject so that the person will not become dark. Thus, you will get a beautiful image.
23. Try a Vertical Composition
Make it a habit that you shoot in a vertical composition too. Most of the photographers shoot horizontally since it comes by default in camera. Doing Sunset photography with a vertical composition has its own advantages. If you look at Magazines, Books or Smartphones. All come in Portrait mode by default. So if you want to publish in a Magazine or Book you will need a Portrait mode image. So try composing vertically.
If you are still confused and don’t know whether to shoot vertically or Horizontally. I would strongly recommend reading this article, Portrait Vs Landscape Shooting Modes
24. Auto Focus Vs Manual Focus
You can use Auto Focus for sunset photography if you are able to get the focus on the subject.
Sometimes, the camera’s autofocus may not work in low light conditions. In such situations, you can use Manual focus to focus the subject.
Read this article for Low Light Photography Tips
25. Make Use Of Reflections
If you are doing Sunset photography in a place where you can clearly see the reflection on the water, capture the beauty in reflection too. Make sure that you set enough shutter speed to get the reflection correctly. I recommend to try in different angles and select one which you like the most.
26. Camera Level Correction
Always make sure that make sure that you have kept the camera in the correct Horizon level. Use a Spirit level with a bubble to correct the horizon. Certain tripod and tripod heads come with inbuilt horizon level.
High-end DSLR cameras are equipped with this feature through an accelerometer, make use of any of this feature to correct the horizon level. You can also buy one separately and check the level by keeping it on top of the camera before shooting.
27. Make Use Of Grids
Grids are very useful in image composition. Most of the cameras come with the option of enabling Grids. Enable Grids and use it for image composition.
28. Use a Grad ND Filter
Use a Graduated Neutral Density Filter if you want to make rich colors. By using a grad ND filter, you can darken the sky without darkening the other parts of the image. A Grad ND Filter really sets the mood of Sunset photography.
29. Try Motion Blur
Always be creative in the field. Just think how you can create a completely unique sunset picture. So, Try Motion Blur effect during Sunset photography. You can make use of a slow shutter speed and focus it to a moving subject like a person to create a Panning shot. You can do the other way too. Give motion effect to the subject, keeping the background intact.
30. Try Light Painting
Light Painting is another idea where you can be creative. You can create shapes or paint structures in the frame using light. Laser pen can be used to create light drawings in the scene. I recommend to try light painting during the last 10 minutes of sunset when the light goes low.
31. Shoot into the Sun
For good Sunset pictures, Shoot into the Sun keeping Sun as one of the main element. If you have an interesting composition without including the sun, give a try.
32. Shoot in opposite Direction to Sunset
Sunset photography is not all about shooting sunsets alone. You can make use of the sunset light for portrait photography, wildlife photography and architecture photography.
In this case, you will be shooting in the opposite direction of the sunset mostly. The rays of the setting sun would be falling on the subject. So, try shooting in the opposite direction to Sunset.
33. Use Landscape Picture Style
Always use Landscape Picture style in Camera to get the right colors during Sunsets.
34. Try Zoom Blur Effect
This is another effect similar to light painting. You need to use a zoom lens for this effect. use a slow shutter speed and zoom in or zoom out the lens while capturing the image. You can see light streaks moving inward or outwards.
35. Use Histogram to Double Check the Exposure
Some photographers have the habit of checking the LCD display screen for image exposure. Never used Camera’s LCD screen for checking exposure. Always use Image Histogram for checking exposure. The image on the LCD screen is dependant on the brightness of the screen. So, It can fool you sometimes. Getting right exposure is essential for Sunset photography.